Stem-cell transplantation in Hungary

In Hungary the first stem-cell transplantation was performed in 1974. It became a routinely done procedure of the medical practice from 1984. During the interventions performed since then, practically all diseases that were medically indicated for stem-cell transplantation had appeared. Today five medical centres perform stem-cell transplantations. These are the St. Istvan and St. Laszlo Hospitals united by the Budapest City Local Government; the Child Health Care Centre of the county of BAZ (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén); the University of Pécs, Medical School; and the University of Szeged, Second Department of Internal Medicine.
The umbilical cord blood stem-cell transplantation is a routinely done medical intervention also in Hungary running back to a successful past. The first umbilical cord blood stem-cell transplantation had been performed in October, 2001. Since then umbilical cord blood derived stem-cells are regularly applied in transplantations for both children and adults. Regarding the source of haematopoietic stem-cells applied in transplantations, the utilization of umbilical cord blood derived stem-cells shows an increasing tendency also in Hungary. The umbilical cord blood derived stem-cells utilized for transplantations arrived mainly from international public stem-cell banks, though several times transplantations had been performed with umbilical cord blood stem-cells of the brother/sister (relative donor) of the sick child as well.
Different cases are known where the umbilical cord blood derived stem-cells were applied in transplantations such as where the donor was the brother/ sister of the sick child whose umbilical cord blood was processed and stored in national private stem-cell bank before it came to transplantation, it also happened that stem-cells from two different donors were utilized for the transplantation or that stem-cells cultured under laboratory conditions became transplanted.